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Guide:Features

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Small list of various features and examples of natlangs/conlangs that use them

Contents

Phonological

Consonants

Palatalised

Labialised

Geminated

Aspirated

Pre-nasalised

Syllabic

Iaskyon

Ejective

Na'vi

Clicks

Vowels

Long

Nasalised

Tonal

Grammatical

Grammatical features are features that exist within a language and has been standarized into a grammatical feature which must be stated for the sentence to be grammatical and proper in the speakers ears, if it is optional or not standard it doesn't classify as grammatical.

Morphosyntactic alignment

Nominative-accusative

Ergative-absolutive

Tripartite

Fluid

Direct

Trigger

Cases

Grammatical

Locational

Motional to

Motional from

Motional Via

Relational

Semantical

Relational

State

Definiteness

Article

Affixation

None

Aspects

Perfective and imperfective

Inceptive, continuative and terminative

Gnomic

Others

Tenses

None

Past and non-past

Past, present and future

Past, recent past, present and future

Past, recent past, present, near future and future

Past, present, near future and distant future

Word order

None

Subject-object-verb

Subject-verb-object

Verb-subject-object

Object-subject-verb

Object-verb-subject

Verb-object-subject

Number

If its anywhere but "none" singular is always present as well and if it is anywhere but "plural" the plural marker is also always present aswell.

None

Plural

Paucal

Dual

Trial

Possession

Alienable/inalienable

Morphological

Morphological features are features that are directly marked and indicated onto the verb, noun or adjective

Person on verb

Subject marking

Object marking

Subject and object marking

Subject or object but not both simultaneously

Subject marking

Person on adposition

Cases

Aspects

Tenses

Past and non-past

Past, present and future

Past, present, near future and distant future

Vocabulary

Number base

Octal

Decimal

Duodecimal

Hexadecimal

Vigesimal

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